3 août 2013 6 03 /08 /août /2013 08:52
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 33, 1207-1214 (August 2013) | doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2013.69 Prostaglandin E2 type 1 receptors contribute to neuronal apoptosis after transient forebrain ischemia Munehisa Shimamura, Ping Zhou, Barbara Casolla, Liping Qian, Carmen Capone, Hitomi Kurinami, Costantino Iadecola and Josef Anrather Abstract Cyclooxygenase-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) contributes to excitotoxic and ischemic neuronal cell death by engaging neuronal PGE2 type 1 receptors (EP1R). Our previous studies have shown that EP1R signaling resulted in disturbances of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis and suppression of the pro-survival protein kinase AKT. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these pathophysiological mechanism have a role in the neuronal cell death after transient forebrain ischemia. Mice were subjected to ischemia/reperfusion by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. Hippocampal cornu ammonis area 1 (CA1) neuronal cell death was determined 5 days after reperfusion. Animals treated with the EP1R antagonist SC51089 or EP1R-deficient mice (EP1−/−) showed significantly less neuronal injury as compared to vehicle-treated wild-type controls. Benefits of EP1R blockage were still evident 14 days after injury. Better neuronal survival was correlated with reduced neuronal caspase-3 activity and decreased nuclear translocation of the apoptosis-inducing factor . Neuroprotection could be reverted by intracerebroventricular administration of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 and was not further increased by the calcineurin inhibitor FK506. These data implicate EP1R in postischemic neuronal apoptosis possibly by facilitating AKT inhibition.