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10 mai 2011 2 10 /05 /mai /2011 17:24

« La fréquence de l’autisme serait sous-estimée » 


 

Le Parisien 

 


Le Parisien note en bref que « la fréquence de l’autisme serait sous-estimée et ce syndrome sous-diagnostiqué, selon une étude menée en Corée du Sud et publiée hier aux Etats-Unis ».
Le journal explique que « cette étude, qui se fonde pour la première fois sur un échantillon représentatif de l’ensemble de la population infantile scolarisée d’un pays, révèle qu’un enfant sur 38 serait atteint de ce handicap, alors que ce taux est estimé à un enfant sur 110 aux Etats-Unis ».

 

 

Dev Neurorehabil. 2011 Apr 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Cross-cultural differences in comorbid symptoms of children with autism spectrum disorders: An international examination between Israel, South Korea, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

Zachor D, Yang JW, Ben Itzchak E, Furniss F, Pegg E, Matson JL, Horovitz M, Sipes M, Chung KM, Jung W.

Source

Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Tel Aviv University , Tel Aviv , Israel.

 

 

Objective: To examine the relationship between culture and symptoms of comorbid psychopathology in those with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

 

Design: Multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs) for each country and each sub-scale of the Autism Spectrum Disorders-Comorbid for Children (ASD-CC). Follow-up independent univariate analyses and post-hoc tests as needed.

 

Methods: Separate samples from South Korea, the UK and Israel were compared to a sample from the US in order to examine cultural contributions, using the ASD-CC.

 

Results: Overall, few differences were found. Significantly, the US had significantly higher scores than South Korea on the avoidant sub-scale.

Additionally, the US had significantly higher scores than Israel on the over-eating and tantrum sub-scales.

No significant differences were found between the US and the UK.

 

Conclusion: Cultural factors, such as views of typical behaviour, should be taken into account when examining symptoms of comorbidity in children with ASD.

 

 

PMID: 21513465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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