J Appl Microbiol. 2011 Mar;110(3):723-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2010.04929.x. Epub 2011 Jan 18.
Effect of allicin on the production of polysaccharide intercellular adhesin in Staphylococcus epidermidis.
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain Networking Research Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), Badajoz, Spain.
Aims: Polysaccharide intercellular adhesin (PIA) is the main agglutination agent in the biofilm forming strain Staphylococcus epidermidis. To find an explanation for the observed inhibition of biofilm formation by allicin, we studied the effect of allicin on PIA production in samples treated with sub MIC doses of allicin and compared this with a control culture without allicin. Methods and Results: Bacteria (Staph. epidermidis ATCC 35984) were grown in glass tubes, and PIA was extracted by vortex vibration using microbeads and NN dimethyl acetamide/LiCl as solvent. The extracts were filtered and passed through size exclusion columns. Chromatographic fractions were analysed with an excess of sodium metaperiodate and the excess was determined spectrophotometrically using 2,4,6-tripyridyl-s-triazine. Conclusion: The amount of exopolysaccharides in samples previously treated with allicin is significantly lower than in the control. This finding suggests a specific enzymatic inhibition in PIA synthesis. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study provides an insight into the mechanism of biofilm formation, and is a biochemical model for PIA inhibition by allicin. The analysis proposed may be useful in studies of production of exopolysaccharides responsible for adherence and agglutination of Staph. epidermidis. Prevention of biofilm formation by allicin opens up a new field of in vitro studies and permits us to envisage future clinical applications.© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Applied Microbiology © 2011 The Society for Applied Microbiology.
PMID: 21205098 [PubMed - in process]