Antivir Ther. 2009;14(4):533-42.
Disulfide-mediated apoptosis of human T-lymphotrophc virus type-I (HTLV-I)-infected cells in patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.
First Department of Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to construct a basis for a therapeutic strategy against human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) using a compound that contained a disulfide moiety, prosultiamine, which is a homologue of allithiamine originally synthesized by allicin and thiamine-thiol, for the targeting of HTLV-I-infected cells.
METHODS: First, we analysed the apoptotic pathway in allicin or prosultiamine treatment against an HTLV-I-infected T-cell line (HCT-1), derived from an HAM/TSP patient, by flow cytometry and western blot. Second, we evaluated the effect of targeting HTLV-I-infected cells in a prosultiamine in vitro treatment and in a clinical trial in HAM/TSP patients by quantitative PCR analysis of HTLV-I proviral load.
RESULTS: Prosultiamine, like allicin, induced caspase-dependent apoptosis against HCT-1 cells. The fact that the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential was recovered in z-VAD-fmk-pretreated HCT-1 cells with prosultiamine treatment suggested that prosultiamine can induce caspase-dependent apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. On the basis of data showing that prosultiamine in vitro treatment against peripheral blood CD4(+) T-cells of HAM/TSP patients induced a significant decrease of HTLV-I proviral copy numbers by apoptosis of HTLV-I-infected cells, we treated six HAM/TSP patients with intravenous administration of prosultiamine for 14 days. As a result of this treatment, the copy numbers of HTLV-I provirus in peripheral blood decreased to approximately 30-50% of their pretreatment levels with some clinical benefits in all patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that prosultiamine has the potential to be a new therapeutic tool that targets HTLV-I-infected cells in HAM/TSP.
PMID: 19578238 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]